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  S.B. No. 1516
 
 
 
 
AN ACT
  relating to the procedures for an application for a writ of habeas
  corpus and the issuance of the writ.
         BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF TEXAS:
         SECTION 1.  Article 11.05, Code of Criminal Procedure, is
  amended to read as follows:
         Art. 11.05.  BY WHOM WRIT MAY BE ISSUED [GRANTED]. The court
  [Court] of criminal appeals [Criminal Appeals], the district courts
  [District Courts], the county courts [County Courts], or any judge
  [Judge] of those courts may [said Courts, have power to] issue the
  writ of habeas corpus,[;] and it is their duty, on [upon] proper
  application [motion], to issue [grant] the writ under the rules
  prescribed by law.
         SECTION 2.  Article 11.051, Code of Criminal Procedure, is
  amended to read as follows:
         Art. 11.051.  FILING FEE PROHIBITED. Notwithstanding any
  other law, a clerk of a court may not require a filing fee from an
  individual who files an application [or petition] for a writ of
  habeas corpus.
         SECTION 3.  Article 11.06, Code of Criminal Procedure, is
  amended to read as follows:
         Art. 11.06.  WHERE WRIT IS RETURNABLE IN CASES NOT INVOLVING
  FELONY CONVICTION [TO ANY COUNTY].  (a) If the applicant has not
  been formally charged by [Before] indictment or information
  [found], the writ must [may] be made returnable to the [any] county
  in which:
               (1)  the applicant is confined to the custody of the
  sheriff or other authority;
               (2)  the applicant is alleged, by any means including
  the issuance of a warrant for the applicant's arrest or the
  applicant's arrest pursuant to Chapter 14, to have committed a
  criminal offense that provides the basis for the restraint from
  which the application seeks relief; or
               (3)  if neither Subdivision (1) nor (2) applies, the
  action imposing a restraint on the applicant's liberty occurred.
         (b)  After the applicant has been charged by indictment or
  information, and before any conviction of the applicant, the writ
  must be made returnable to the county in which the indictment or
  information is pending.
         (c)  After final conviction in any misdemeanor case, the writ
  must be made returnable to the county in which the applicant was
  convicted [State].
         SECTION 4.  Article 11.08, Code of Criminal Procedure, is
  amended to read as follows:
         Art. 11.08.  APPLICANT ACCUSED OF [CHARGED WITH] FELONY. If
  the applicant is accused of committing a [person is confined after
  indictment on a charge of] felony offense, whether by indictment,
  information, warrant, arrest, or other means, and has not been
  convicted of the offense, the applicant or petitioner[, he] may
  apply:
               (1)  to the judge of the court in which the indictment
  or information charging the applicant [he] is pending [indicted];
  or
               (2)  if an indictment or information charging the
  applicant has not been filed or the [if there be no] judge of the
  court in which the indictment or information is pending is not
  available:
                     (A)  [within the district, then] to any [the]
  judge with felony jurisdiction in a [of any district whose
  residence is nearest to the court house of the] county to [in] which
  the writ is returnable; or
                     (B)  if there is no judge with felony jurisdiction
  available in a county described by Paragraph (A), to any judge with
  felony jurisdiction who presides over a court in any county that
  adjoins a county described by Paragraph (A) [applicant is held in
  custody].
         SECTION 5.  Article 11.09, Code of Criminal Procedure, is
  amended to read as follows:
         Art. 11.09.  APPLICANT ACCUSED OR CONVICTED OF [CHARGED
  WITH] MISDEMEANOR. (a) If the applicant is accused of committing a
  [person is confined on a charge of] misdemeanor offense, whether by
  information, warrant, complaint, arrest, or other means, and has
  not been convicted of the offense, the applicant or petitioner[,
  he] may apply:
               (1)  to the [county] judge of the court [county] in
  which the information charging the applicant [misdemeanor] is
  pending; or
               (2)  if an information charging the applicant has not
  been filed [charged to have been committed,] or the [if there be no
  county] judge of the court in which the information is pending is
  not available:
                     (A)  [in said county, then] to any [the county]
  judge of a county court with criminal jurisdiction in a [whose
  residence is nearest to the courthouse of the] county to [in] which
  the writ is returnable; or
                     (B)  if there is no judge of a county court with
  criminal jurisdiction available in a county described by Paragraph
  (A), to any judge of a county court with criminal jurisdiction who
  presides over a court in any county that adjoins a county described
  by Paragraph (A) [applicant is held in custody].
         (b)  After final conviction in any misdemeanor case, the
  applicant or petitioner may apply to the judge of the court in which
  the applicant was convicted.
         SECTION 6.  Article 11.10, Code of Criminal Procedure, is
  amended to read as follows:
         Art. 11.10.  PROCEEDINGS UNDER THE WRIT. If an application
  is [When motion has been] made to a judge under Article 11.08 or
  11.09 [the circumstances set forth in the two preceding Articles],
  the judge [he] shall appoint a time when the judge [he] will examine
  the cause of the applicant, and issue the writ returnable at that
  time, in a specified place in a [the] county to which the writ is
  returnable [where the offense is charged in the indictment or
  information to have been committed. He shall also specify some
  place in the county where he will hear the motion].
         SECTION 7.  Article 11.12, Code of Criminal Procedure, is
  amended to read as follows:
         Art. 11.12.  WHO MAY PRESENT APPLICATION [PETITION]. The
  [Either the] party for whose relief the writ of habeas corpus is
  intended, or any person on behalf of that party [for him], may
  present an application for a writ of habeas corpus [a petition] to
  the proper authority for the purpose of obtaining relief.
         SECTION 8.  Article 11.13, Code of Criminal Procedure, is
  amended to read as follows:
         Art. 11.13.  APPLICANT AND PETITIONER.  (a) The word
  applicant, as used in this chapter [Chapter], refers to the person
  for whose relief the application for a writ of habeas corpus is
  presented.
         (b)  An application for a writ of habeas corpus [asked,
  though the petition] may be signed and presented on behalf of an
  applicant by any [other] person, who shall be referred to as the
  petitioner.
         (c)  A petitioner is not a party to a proceeding under this
  chapter.
         (d)  A petitioner who is not the applicant's attorney may not
  take any additional actions on behalf of the applicant that would
  constitute the practice of law.
         SECTION 9.  Article 11.14, Code of Criminal Procedure, is
  amended to read as follows:
         Art. 11.14.  APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS [REQUISITES OF
  PETITION]. (a) An application for a writ of habeas corpus [The
  petition] must state substantially:
               1. That the applicant [person for whose benefit the
  application is made] is illegally restrained in the applicant's
  [his] liberty, and by whom, naming both parties, if their names are
  known, or if unknown, designating and describing them;
               2. When the applicant [party] is confined or restrained
  by virtue of any writ, order or process, or under color of either, a
  copy shall be annexed to the application [petition], or it shall be
  stated that a copy cannot be obtained;
               3. When the confinement or restraint is not by virtue
  of any writ, order or process, the application [petition] may state
  only that the applicant [party] is illegally confined or restrained
  in the applicant's [his] liberty;
               4. There must be a prayer in the application [petition]
  for the writ of habeas corpus; and
               5. Oath must be made that the allegations of the
  application [petition] are true, according to the belief of the
  applicant or petitioner.
         (b)  In addition to the requirements under Subsection (a), a
  petitioner must state in the application and under oath that the
  petitioner is presenting the application with the applicant's
  knowing and voluntary consent.
         SECTION 10.  Article 11.15, Code of Criminal Procedure, is
  amended to read as follows:
         Art. 11.15.  WRIT ISSUED [GRANTED] WITHOUT DELAY. The writ
  of habeas corpus shall be issued [granted] without delay by the
  judge or court receiving the application [petition], unless it be
  manifest from the application [petition] itself, or some documents
  annexed to it, that the applicant [party] is not entitled to any
  [no] relief [whatever].
         SECTION 11.  Article 11.16, Code of Criminal Procedure, is
  amended to read as follows:
         Art. 11.16.  WRIT MAY ISSUE WITHOUT APPLICATION [MOTION]. A
  judge of the district or county court who has knowledge that any
  person is illegally confined or restrained in the person's [his]
  liberty within the judge's [his] district or county may, if the case
  is [be one] within the judge's [his] jurisdiction, issue the writ of
  habeas corpus, without any application [motion] being made for the
  writ [same].
         SECTION 12.  Article 11.24, Code of Criminal Procedure, is
  amended to read as follows:
         Art. 11.24.  ONE COMMITTED IN DEFAULT OF BAIL. Where a
  person has been committed to custody for failing to enter into bond,
  the person [he] is entitled to the writ of habeas corpus, if it be
  stated in the application [petition] that there was no sufficient
  cause for requiring bail[,] or that the bail required is excessive.
  If the proof sustains the application [petition], it will entitle
  the person [party] to be discharged[,] or have the bail reduced.
         SECTION 13.  Article 11.25, Code of Criminal Procedure, is
  amended to read as follows:
         Art. 11.25.  PERSON AFFLICTED WITH DISEASE. When a judge or
  court authorized to issue [grant] writs of habeas corpus shall be
  satisfied, upon investigation, that a person in legal custody is
  afflicted with a disease which will render a removal necessary for
  the preservation of life, an order may be made for the removal of
  the person [prisoner] to some other place where the person's [his]
  health will not be likely to suffer,[;] or the person [he] may be
  admitted to bail when it appears that any manner [species] of
  confinement will endanger the person's [his] life.
         SECTION 14.  Article 11.30, Code of Criminal Procedure, is
  amended to read as follows:
         Art. 11.30.  HOW RETURN IS MADE. The return is made by
  stating in plain language on [upon] the copy of the writ or some
  paper connected with it:
               1.  Whether it is true or not, according to the
  statement of the application [petition], that the person [he] has
  in the person's [his] custody, or under the person's [his]
  restraint, the applicant [person] named or described in the
  application [such petition];
               2.  By virtue of what authority, or for what cause, the
  person [he] took and detains the applicant [such person];
               3.  If the person [he] had the applicant [such person]
  in the person's [his] custody or under restraint at any time before
  the service of the writ, and has transferred the applicant [him] to
  the custody of another, the person [he] shall state particularly to
  whom, at what time, for what reason or by what authority the person
  [he] made the [such] transfer;
               4.  The person [He] shall annex to the person's [his]
  return the writ or warrant, if any, by virtue of which the person
  [he] holds the applicant [person] in custody; and
               5.  The return must be signed and sworn to by the person
  making it.
         SECTION 15.  Article 11.33, Code of Criminal Procedure, is
  amended to read as follows:
         Art. 11.33.  COURT SHALL ALLOW TIME. The court or judge
  issuing [granting] the writ of habeas corpus shall allow reasonable
  time for the production of the person detained in custody.
         SECTION 16.  Article 11.38, Code of Criminal Procedure, is
  amended to read as follows:
         Art. 11.38.  WHEN A PRISONER DIES. When a prisoner confined
  in jail, or who is in legal custody, shall die, the officer having
  charge of the prisoner [him] shall forthwith report the same to a
  justice of the peace of the county, who shall hold an inquest to
  ascertain the cause of the prisoner's [his] death. All the
  proceedings had in such cases shall be reduced to writing,
  certified and returned as in other cases of inquest; a certified
  copy of which shall be sufficient proof of the death of the prisoner
  at the hearing of an application for a writ of [a motion under]
  habeas corpus.
         SECTION 17.  Article 11.51, Code of Criminal Procedure, is
  amended to read as follows:
         Art. 11.51.  RECORD OF PROCEEDINGS.  If a writ of habeas
  corpus be made returnable before a court in session, all the
  proceedings had shall be entered of record by the clerk of the court
  [thereof], as in any other case in the [such] court.  When the
  application [motion] is heard out of the county where the offense
  was committed, or in the court of criminal appeals [Court of
  Criminal Appeals], the clerk shall transmit a certified copy of all
  the proceedings on [upon] the application [motion] to the clerk of
  the court which has jurisdiction of the offense.
         SECTION 18.  Article 11.54, Code of Criminal Procedure, is
  amended to read as follows:
         Art. 11.54.  COURT MAY GRANT NECESSARY ORDERS. The court or
  judge issuing [granting] a writ of habeas corpus may:
               (1)  grant all necessary orders to bring before the
  court or judge [him] the testimony taken before the examining
  court;[,] and
               (2)  [may] issue process to enforce the attendance of
  witnesses.
         SECTION 19.  Article 11.59, Code of Criminal Procedure, is
  amended to read as follows:
         Art. 11.59.  OBTAINING WRIT A SECOND TIME.  An applicant [A
  party] may obtain the writ of habeas corpus a second time by stating
  in an application [a motion] therefor that since the hearing of the
  applicant's [his] first application [motion] important testimony
  has been obtained which it was not in the applicant's [his] power to
  produce at the former hearing.  The applicant [He] shall also set
  forth the newly discovered testimony [so newly discovered]; and if
  it be that of a witness, the affidavit of the witness shall also
  accompany the application [such motion].
         SECTION 20.  Section 2, Article 11.07, Code of Criminal
  Procedure, is repealed.
         SECTION 21.  The changes in law made by this Act apply only
  to an application for a writ of habeas corpus filed on or after the
  effective date of this Act. An application filed before the
  effective date of this Act is governed by the law in effect when the
  application was filed, and the former law is continued in effect for
  that purpose.
         SECTION 22.  This Act takes effect September 1, 2023.
 
 
 
 
 
 
  ______________________________ ______________________________
     President of the Senate Speaker of the House     
 
         I hereby certify that S.B. No. 1516 passed the Senate on
  April 24, 2023, by the following vote:  Yeas 30, Nays 0;
  May 21, 2023, Senate refused to concur in House amendment and
  requested appointment of Conference Committee; May 23, 2023, House
  granted request of the Senate; May 27, 2023, Senate adopted
  Conference Committee Report by the following vote:  Yeas 31,
  Nays 0.
 
 
  ______________________________
  Secretary of the Senate    
 
         I hereby certify that S.B. No. 1516 passed the House, with
  amendment, on May 17, 2023, by the following vote:  Yeas 145,
  Nays 0, one present not voting; May 23, 2023, House granted request
  of the Senate for appointment of Conference Committee;
  May 26, 2023, House adopted Conference Committee Report by the
  following vote:  Yeas 136, Nays 0, two present not voting.
 
 
  ______________________________
  Chief Clerk of the House   
 
 
 
  Approved:
 
  ______________________________ 
             Date
 
 
  ______________________________ 
            Governor