H.B. No. 2837
  relating to the operation of and equipment for vehicles.
         SECTION 1.  Section 522.004(a), Transportation Code, is
  amended to read as follows:
         (a)  This chapter does not apply to:
               (1)  a vehicle that is controlled and operated by a
  farmer and:
                     (A)  used to transport agricultural products,
  farm machinery, or farm supplies to or from a farm;
                     (B)  used within 150 miles of the person's farm;
                     (C)  not used in the operations of a common or
  contract motor carrier;
               (2)  a fire-fighting or emergency vehicle necessary to
  the preservation of life or property or the execution of emergency
  governmental functions, whether operated by an employee of a
  political subdivision or by a volunteer fire fighter;
               (3)  a military vehicle or a commercial motor vehicle,
  when operated for military purposes by military personnel,
                     (A)  active duty military personnel, including
  personnel serving in the United States Coast Guard; and
                     (B)  members of the reserves and national guard on
  active duty, including personnel on full-time national guard duty,
  personnel engaged in part-time training, and national guard
  military technicians;
               (4)  a recreational vehicle that is driven for personal
               (5)  a vehicle that is owned, leased, or controlled by
  an air carrier, as defined by Section 21.155, and that is driven or
  operated exclusively by an employee of the air carrier only on the
  premises of an airport, as defined by Section 22.001, on service
  roads to which the public does not have access; [or]
               (6)  a vehicle used exclusively to transport seed
  cotton modules or cotton burrs;
               (7)  a vehicle, including a vehicle described by
  Section 504.502(i), that is:
                     (A)  operated intrastate; and
                     (B)  driven by an individual not for compensation
  and not in the furtherance of a commercial enterprise; or
               (8)  a covered farm vehicle as defined by 49 C.F.R.
  Section 390.5.
         SECTION 2.  Section 545.058(c), Transportation Code, is
  amended to read as follows:
         (c)  A limitation in this section on driving on an improved
  shoulder does not apply to:
               (1)  an authorized emergency vehicle responding to a
               (2)  a police patrol; [or]
               (3)  a bicycle; or
               (4)  a slow-moving vehicle, as defined by Section
         SECTION 3.  Section 545.156(a), Transportation Code, is
  amended to read as follows:
         (a)  On the immediate approach of an authorized emergency
  vehicle using audible and visual signals that meet the requirements
  of Sections 547.305 and 547.702, or of a police vehicle lawfully
  using only an audible or visual signal, an operator, unless
  otherwise directed by a police officer, shall:
               (1)  yield the right-of-way;
               (2)  immediately drive to a position parallel to and as
  close as possible to the right-hand edge or curb of the roadway
  clear of any intersection; and
               (3)  stop and remain standing until the authorized
  emergency vehicle has passed.
         SECTION 4.  Section 546.002(b), Transportation Code, is
  amended to read as follows:
         (b)  Sections 546.001(2), (3), and (4) apply [Section
  546.001 applies] only when the operator is:
               (1)  responding to an emergency call;
               (2)  pursuing an actual or suspected violator of the
               (3)  responding to but not returning from a fire alarm;
               (4)  directing or diverting traffic for public safety
  purposes; or
               (5)  conducting a police escort.
         SECTION 5.  Section 547.405(d), Transportation Code, is
  amended to read as follows:
         (d)  A trailer, semitrailer, or pole trailer that is equipped
  with air or vacuum brakes or that has a gross weight heavier than
  4,500 [3,000] pounds shall be equipped with brakes that:
               (1)  operate on all wheels required to have brakes
  under Section 547.402; and
               (2)  are promptly applied automatically and remain
  applied for at least 15 minutes in case of a breakaway from the
  towing vehicle.
         SECTION 6.  Section 547.703(a), Transportation Code, is
  amended to read as follows:
         (a)  Except as provided by Subsection (b), a slow-moving
  vehicle shall display a slow-moving-vehicle emblem that:
               (1)  has a reflective surface designed to be clearly
  visible in daylight or at night from the light of standard
  automobile headlamps at a distance of at least 500 feet;
               (2)  is mounted base down on the rear of the vehicle and
  at a height that does not impair the visibility of the emblem [from
  three to five feet above the road surface]; and
               (3)  is maintained in a clean, reflective condition.
         SECTION 7.  Section 504.947, Transportation Code, is
         SECTION 8.  The change in law made by this Act applies only
  to an offense committed on or after the effective date of this Act.
  An offense committed before the effective date of this Act is
  governed by the law in effect on the date the offense was committed,
  and the former law is continued in effect for that purpose. For
  purposes of this section, an offense was committed before the
  effective date of this Act if any element of the offense occurred
  before that date.
         SECTION 9.  This Act takes effect September 1, 2019.
  ______________________________ ______________________________
     President of the Senate Speaker of the House     
         I certify that H.B. No. 2837 was passed by the House on April
  24, 2019, by the following vote:  Yeas 146, Nays 0, 1 present, not
  voting; and that the House concurred in Senate amendments to H.B.
  No. 2837 on May 22, 2019, by the following vote:  Yeas 142, Nays 0,
  1 present, not voting.
  Chief Clerk of the House   
         I certify that H.B. No. 2837 was passed by the Senate, with
  amendments, on May 15, 2019, by the following vote:  Yeas 31, Nays
  Secretary of the Senate   
  APPROVED: __________________